Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

A developmental disability:

  • Is chronic
  • Begins at birth or during childhood
  • Adversely affects an individual's daily living and functioning

Developmental disabilities can be caused by a mental impairment, a physical impairment or combination of both mental and physical. This can result in limited functions, including:

  • Caring for oneself
  • Difficulties with communication
  • Difficulties with learning
  • Difficulties with mobility or moving around
  • Difficulties making decisions for oneself
  • Difficulties living independently
  • Being financially self-sufficient

If you have been diagnosed with a developmental disability, you can benefit from comprehensive, long-term services and live a more independent life. If you were diagnosed with a Traumatic Brain Injury by the age of 22, you may be eligible for IDD services. Please refer to G.S. 122C-3(12a).

National Core Indicators®

National Core Indicators (NCI)® is a national program utilizing a set of surveys for public developmental disabilities agencies to measure and track their own performance.  More information can be found here.


Accessing I/DD Services in NC (Color and Black/White): This document provides information and resources to access I/DD services and other benefits in NC.

Decision-Making Support Options in NC (Color and Black/White): This document previews alternatives to guardianship and provides resources that individuals with I/DD and natural supports may explore to promote the least restrictive decision-making supports.

Additional Information

AHEC Recommendations for DCW & HCBS Worker Certification 
American Association on Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities
Association of Self-Advocates of North Carolina
Traumatic Brain Injury
North Carolina Council on Developmental Disabilities
North Carolina Office on Disability & Health
NCFASD Informed (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder)